It is a city and a municipal council in Daman district in the union territory of Daman and Diu, India. It is divided by the Daman Ganga River into two parts namely Nani-daman (Nani meaning "small") and Moti-daman (Moti meaning "big"). Ironically, Nani-daman is the larger of the two towns. It is the downtown area containing most of the important entities like the major hospitals, supermarkets, major residential areas etc. While Moti-daman is mainly the old city inhabited mostly by the fishing communities and government officers. Both Nani-daman and Moti-daman are connected to each other by two bridges. Located 93 kilometers (58 mi) north of Mumbai, Daman, along with neighboring Vapi, Bhilad-Sarigam, Bilimora and Silvassa form an important manufacturing hub. A variety of products like pesticides, chemicals, fertilizers, toys, electronics, dyes, printing ink, windmills, plastics, etc. are manufactured here. People enjoy a modest quality of life here as Daman has a number of reputed hospitals, schools and other public institutions. Educated and well qualified people from all over India migrate here in search of work. The Portuguese Diogo-de-Melo arrived at the spot by chance in 1523, when heading towards 'Ormuz' but caught in a violent storm and having his boat blown towards the coast of Daman. Soon after it was settled as a Portuguese colony and remained so for over 400 years. A larger fort was built in Moti-daman in the 16th century to guard against the Mughals who ruled the area until the Portuguese arrived. It still stands today, most of it preserved in its original form. Today the majority of the municipal government offices are situated inside this fort. There are many small villages around Daman, such as 'Benslore', 'Kunta','Bhimpor','Kadya', 'Varkund' and 'Khariwar'. These villages mainly act as residential areas for lower-middle class families. Here 'Varkund' is the biggest village in Daman,in which a big mega structure is been built it called Thunderbird Resorts Daman is India's ultimate lifestyle and entertainment experience. It provides an exceptional combination of a five-star resort, nightclub, speciality dining, spa, meeting services and member's club along with many more world class features in one trendsetting destination to create extraordinary experiences. It has the 4th licence of casinos in India.
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